KSAVE model

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  • Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes, Values and Ethics
  • Model ontwikkeld door een internationale groep onderzoekers van het ATCS (www.atc21s.org, Binkley et al., 2010)


The ATCS researchers provide a framework that could be used as a model for developing large-scale assessments of 21st century skills. To arrive at this model framework, we compared a number of available curriculum and assessment frameworks for 21st century skills and skills that have been developed around the world. We analyzed these frameworks to determine not only the extent to which they differ, but also the extent to which these frameworks provide descriptions of 21st century learning outcomes in measureable form. Based on our analysis, we identified 10 important skills (or skills) that in our opinion typify the skills necessary for the 21st century. For each of the 10 skills, we have analyzed the extent to which the identified frameworks provide measureable descriptions of the skill, considering the Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes, Values and Ethics aspects of each skill. This framework is referred to as the KSAVE framework, and is described in more detail below.

10 vaardigheden worden onderscheiden:

  • Creativity and innovation
  • Critical thinking, problem solving, decision making
  • Learning to learn, metacognition
  • Communication
  • Collaboration (teamwork)
  • Information literacy (includes research on sources, evidence, biases, etc.)
  • ICT literacy
  • Citizenship – local and global
  • Life and career
  • Personal & social responsibility – including cultural awareness and competence

Over ATC21S

The Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills project was created by Cisco, Intel and Microsoft and launched at the Learning and Technology World Forum 2009 in London. During 2009, the project operated with five Working Groups, each of which produced a White Paper. (www.atc21s.org).


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