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* Minitools (dutch)


The minitools are three Java applets for middle school statistics. They were initially developed in the research project directed by Paul Cobb at Nashville. Koeno Gravemeijer has played a major role in the design. In a sequel project, Arthur Bakker has revised them and used them in the Netherlands in his PhD project. They are online: and look in the statistics strand.


  • Bakker, A. (2002). Route-type and landscape-type software for learning statistical data analysis. In B. Phillips (Ed.), Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of Teaching Statistics [CD-ROM]. Voorburg, the Netherlands: International Statistical Institute. [online at IASE website]
  • Bakker, A. (2004a). Design research in statistics education: On symbolizing and computer tools. Utrecht, the Netherlands: CD Beta Press. [online at Utrecht Igitur and IASE website under disserations]
  • Bakker, A., Biehler, R., & Konold, C. (2005). Should young students learn about box plots? In G. Burrill & M. Camden (Eds.), Curricular development in statistics education: International Association for Statistical Education 2004 Roundtable (pp. 163-173). Voorburg, the Netherlands: International Statistical Institute.
  • Bakker, A., & Gravemeijer, K. P. E. (2002). Leren redeneren over verdeling; een ontwikkelingsonderzoek. Tijdschrift voor Didactiek der Beta-wetenschappen, 19(1), 2-23.
  • Bakker, A., & Gravemeijer, K. P. E. (2004). Learning to reason about distribution. In D. Ben-Zvi & J. Garfield (Eds.), The challenge of developing statistical literacy, reasoning, and thinking (pp. 147-168). Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

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